A quick guide for middle and high school students.
Bullying is typically defined as when:
Bullying can happen anywhere, anytime. It can occur in your neighborhood, on your way to and from school, at school, and while online.
Cyberbullying is bullying – unwanted, repeated, aggressive, negative behavior – that takes place over digital devices like cell phones, tablets, and computers. Cyberbullying can happen over email, through texting, on social media, while gaming, on instant messaging, and through photo sharing.
|Target||Person who is being bullied|
|Student who bullies||Person whose actions cause hurt or harm|
|Witness or bystander||Person who sees or knows of the behavior|
Note: “Person” may mean one individual or a group of people.
YES! It’s often the case that the person being bullied, the person doing the bullying, and the person witnessing bullying are not distinct parts! It’s more common that students play multiple roles throughout the day.
It is important for you to know that there is legislation in every state designed to protect students in a bullying situation. These laws vary from state to state, but many express that:
If you witness bullying, you have the power to stop it. How? Advocacy skills! Learning advocacy skills can help address bullying for yourself and others.
|Helping others get what they need||Communicating and taking action to get what you need|
Advocacy skills can empower you to:
If you are being bullied, it’s important to tell someone, especially an adult, you trust. Know that:
If you see bullying, you can:
If you see cyberbullying, you can:
Ready to take action to address bullying?
Bullying can be prevented with students, parents, and educators working together to take action. This plan is an opportunity for you—along with your parents or teachers—to develop a strategy to change what’s happening to you or someone else.
PACER’s Student Action Plan includes three steps:
Step 1: Describe the bullying. Include dates, location, who is involved, and details of the behavior.
Step 2: Describe what you would like done. Think about how the situation could be stopped or prevented.
Step 3: What steps can you take to make that happen? Include who could help, and what they and you can do.
Download the Student Action Plan